A man with outward courage dares to die; a man with inner courage dares to live.” Lao Tzu
Lao Tzu (or ‘Old Sage’ — born Li Erh) credited for being the catalyst for the philosophy of Taoism. Some scholars believe he was a slightly older contemporary of Confucius while other scholars believe Lao Tzu was a compilation of paradoxical poems written by several Taoists using the pen-name, Lao Tzu. There is also a close association between Lao Tzu and the legendary Yellow Emperor, Huang-ti. According to legend Lao Tzu was keeper of the archives at the imperial court. When he was eighty years old he set out for the western border of China, toward what is now Tibet, saddened and disillusioned that men were unwilling to follow the path to natural goodness. At the border (Hank Pass), a guard, Yin Xi (Yin Hsi), asked Lao Tsu to record his teachings before he left. He then composed in 5,000 characters the Tao Te Ching (The Way and Its Power).